ST. LOUIS (KMOV.com) -- Missouri's Amendment 1, known as "Clean Missouri," was passed with landslide approval Tuesday.
The amendment alters three different facets of the current political system in Missouri, so we’ll break them down by issue.
Changes to redistricting system
Previously, the congressional and state legislative district boundaries are determined by two commissions.
The commission responsible for drawing state Senate districts was made up of five Democrats and five Republicans, each of whom was nominated by their party.
The commission responsible for drawing state House districts was made up of eight Democrats and eight Republicans, selected by the district committees of their respective party.
In order for a redistricting map to be approved, 70 percent of the commission members had to support it.
Under Amendment 1, redistricting will be handled by a non-partisan state demographer. The demographer will be chosen from a pool of applicants by the state auditor, the state Senate majority leader, and the state Senate minority leader.
To be eligible to apply for the demographer position, a person cannot have served in a partisan elected position in the last four years. They also will be prohibited from holding office in the general assembly for four years after their last proposed redistricting map.
The demographer will draw the district maps following a long list of criteria spelled out in the Amendment, all of which is designed to create districts based on “partisan fairness and competitiveness.”
The existing commissions will be allowed to propose changes to the map, but the changes have to be approved by 70 percent of the commissioners and also adhere to the Amendment 1’s criteria for fair redistricting.
Changes to campaign finance
Amendment 1 also establishes contribution limits for candidates and committees. Contributions are capped at $2,500 to a state Senate candidate and $2,000 to a House candidate per person per election cycle.
The amendment also makes it illegal to donate under a fake name, another person’s name, or through another person to conceal your identity.
It also bans the state legislature from passing any law allowing for unlimited campaign contributions.
Changes to lobbying
Legislators and employees are required to wait two years after the end of the legislative session in which they served to become a paid lobbyist. It also bars legislators and employees from accepting gifts from a lobbyist in excess of $5.