Democrats: Greitens should sign affidavit about affair

Missouri Governor Eric Greitens takes a reporters question as he unveils the new state budget during a press conference at the State Capitol in Jefferson City, Missouri on January 22, 2018. Photo by Bill Greenblatt/UPI

The process of impeachment in Missouri works unlike almost every other state.

The process starts in the House of Representatives, like most of the states and the federal government.

"First of all, the impeachment process starts with the House Judiciary Committee on whether or not there should be articles of impeachment given the offenses that the governor supposedly committed so under article 7 of the Missouri Constitution," according to SLU Political Science Professor Ken Warren.

Any executive officials in the state are "liable to impeachment for crimes, misconduct, and habitual drunkenness, willful neglect of duty, and corruption in office, incompetency, or any offense involving moral turpitude or oppression in office," according to Section 1 of Article 7 of the Missouri Constitution.

This would include any wrongdoing before becoming governor.

"And if any of those offenses were committed and the House Judiciary Committee feels they were serious enough then it would move to the whole house for a vote on these articles of impeachment," said Warren.

If the Missouri House voted for impeachment, the matter would then move onto a trial. The House requires 82 votes, roughly half of its members, to begin the process.

But that's where Missouri differs from the federal government and 47 other states.

The impeachment process would move to the Missouri Senate for the trial. At the federal level, or within the 47 other states, it would move to the state Supreme Court.

However, Section 2 of Article 7 of the Missouri Constitution says, "all impeachments shall be tried before the supreme court, except that the governor or a member of the Supreme Court.”

Because the governor could face the articles of impeachment, a “special commission of seven eminent jurists to be elected by the senate" would hold his trial instead of the Supreme Court.

It would take 5 of the 7 "eminent jurists" to vote for impeachment to remove the Governor.

Only after this process could the Governor be removed from office.

Missouri officials will hold a special session to determine the next step in the Greitens impeachment process following the May 18 regular session. To go into a special session, at least 123 House members and 26 Senate members had to sign a petition for special session.

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