Washington (CNN) -- There was little drama in the four key races that we were watching Tuesday night. But the off-year elections were viewed as much for what they would say about next year's midterm elections and the next presidential contest in three years.
Here are five things we learned on Tuesday night:
1. Would more money have saved Cuccinelli?
Ken Cuccinelli was heavily outspent in Virginia by Terry McAuliffe and Democratic outside groups like Planned Parenthood, NextGen Climate Action and Independence USA PAC, an anti-gun group funded by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.
The money wasn't the sole reason McAuliffe held a lead for most of the year: Cuccinelli was an unabashedly conservative candidate running in a swing state, his campaign made some strategic errors, and outside forces like the ethics scandal surrounding Gov. Bob McDonnell consumed the spring and summer news cycle. McAuliffe led the race in every poll since May, back when TV ad spending was mostly at parity.
But the Democratic spending assault, especially after Labor Day, locked in the contours of the race. Heading into Election Day, Democrats had a roughly 4-1 spending edge over Republicans on the TV airwaves and Republicans couldn't punch through. With Cuccinelli steadily trailing throughout the fall, it became harder and harder for him to raise money and enlist outside support.
As the race came down to just 40,000 or so votes on Tuesday night, Cuccinelli supporters in Richmond were livid that Republicans didn't do more to help. The Republican Governors Association spent about $8 million on the race, but stopped running television ads weeks ago. At the time, they pumped $1.7 million into a cakewalk of a governor's race in New Jersey -- precious money that would have boosted Cuccinelli down the stretch. The Republican National Committee spent $3 million in Virginia -- a worthy commitment, $6 million less than it did in 2009.
"A number of people in the party establishment are going to need to take a hard look in the mirror and think about how they stranded their Republican nominee in Virginia, and with their help we would have had a Republican governor of Virginia," vented one Republican strategist close to the campaign.
Indeed, Cuccinelli kept is surprisingly close in the end, losing by just two points even while running as an unabashed "first principles" conservative.
"This guy ran and stuck to his guns and almost pulled it of," said Pete Snyder, a businessman and former Republican candidate for lieutenant governor. "Ken ran an unbelievable race, stuck to his principles. He had tons of drama in the party, and he was almost able to overcome that."
Asked about the criticism from Cuccinelli-world, RNC spokeswoman Kirsten Kukowski said the party committee boosted get-out-the-vote efforts: "The RNC spent millions of dollars to fund the ground game efforts in both New Jersey and Virginia, working in coordination with both campaigns to identify and turnout voters."
2. Obamacare lost
Virginia was the first swing state to hold an election in the wake of the Affordable Care Act's troublesome rollout, a controversy that has permeated national news coverage for weeks. Almost 30% of Virginia voters said health care was the most important issue in the race. Most of those voters broke for Cuccinelli.
And among all Virginia voters, 53% said they oppose the president's health care law, while 45% said they support it. A huge majority of those Obamacare opponents -- 80% -- voted for Cuccinelli.
Cuccinelli ran hard on the health care law in the final weeks, calling the election "a referendum on Obamacare." In the wake of his narrow loss, Republicans said the outcome might have been different had the race lasted just a few more days.
"Obamacare is toxic," said Brian Baker, president of the Ending Spending Action Fund, a conservative Super PAC that spent half a million dollars backing Cuccinelli. "If the shutdown had ended a week earlier, and the shutdown had ended a week later, the Cuccinelli would have won. This is a bad omen for Democrats in 2014."
3. Christie's words, and numbers, make the 2016 case
Chris Christie has more than New Jersey on his mind.
In his re-election victory speech Tuesday night, New Jersey's blunt talking governor, who's seriously considering a bid for the 2016 GOP presidential nomination, touted his bipartisan successes in the Garden State and railed at the partisan gridlock in the nation's capital.
"I know tonight, a dispirited America, angry with their dysfunctional government in Washington, looks to New Jersey to say,'Is what I think happening really happening? Are people really coming together. Are we really working, African-Americans and Hispanics, suburbanites and city dwellers, farmers and teachers. Are we really all working together.' Let me give the answer to everyone who is watching tonight: Under this government our first job is to get the job done and as long as I'm governor that job will always, always be finished," Christie told a victory gathering in Asbury Park.
While much of Christie's speech was directed at a New Jersey audience, two top Republicans say those comments were a message for the nation.
"It wasn't an acceptance speech, that was an announcement speech," said CNN contributor Alex Castellanos, a veteran of numerous GOP campaigns
"I think it was an introductory speech," added Newt Gingrich, the former House Speaker, 2012 Republican presidential candidate and current co-host of CNN's "Crossfire."
With Christie's re-election campaign seen as a tuneup or stepping stone for that probable White House bid, a big victory over Democratic challenger Barbara Buono, a little-known state Sen. Barbara Buono, was needed. And Christie came though, grabbing 60% of the vote, at last check.
Another question heading into Election Day 2013 was how Christie would perform with voters who tend to cast ballots for Democrats.
CNN exit polls indicate the GOP governor grabbing 57% of the female vote, and winning all age groups except 18 to 29, which he narrowly lost. Christie also won the Latino vote and took just over a fifth of the African-American vote, a much better performance than most Republicans in recent elections.
As expected, Christie carried 93% of Republicans, according to the exit polls, but he also won two-thirds of independents and just over three in 10 Democrats in a state where Democrats and independents made up nearly three-quarters of Tuesday's electorate.
The exit polls appear to bolster Christie's case that he's among the most electable of the potential GOP White House hopefuls heading into 2016.
4. Time for change in New York
Bill de Blasio's sizable victory was no surprise, and it was clear Tuesday night that the soon-to-be-mayor wants to shake things up in New York City.
"Today you spoke out loudly...for a new direction for our city, united by a belief that our city should leave no New Yorker behind," he said in his victory speech, with his campaign sign on the podium shouting out "PROGRESS" in red and white.
The towering figure with populist appeal stepped on stage to a raucous audience and the lyrics of a popular song, Lorde's "Royals." The tune is quite fitting for his campaign to combat inequality: "We'll never by royals. It don't run in our blood. That kind of lux just ain't for us."
De Blasio campaigned on a promise to raise taxes on those earning more than $500,000 a year to pay for universal pre-kindergarten, and he wasn't shy in declaring his mission to level the playing field in New York.
Acknowledging that his goal to tackle inequality won't be easy, he nonetheless vowed to carry out his mission.
"Make no mistake: The people of this city have chosen a progressive path, and tonight we set forth on it, together, as one city," he said.
The first Democrat elected New York City mayor since 1989, de Blasio has painted himself as the usher of a new era in the city's government. His predecessors -- Republican Rudy Giuliani and Republican-turned-independent Michael Bloomberg -- were known for their tough-on-crime and big business reputations.
But de Blasio, the city's public advocate, has gone to no end to highlight his biracial family and portray himself as a man of the people and a unifier in the most diverse city in the country. The Democrat also spoke part of his speech in Spanish Tuesday night, and talked at length about his Italian background.
Further showcasing his unusual-for-a-candidate style, he also hasn't been afraid to boast of his love for the Boston Red Sox on the campaign trail (which probably isn't a bad idea in a city already split between two baseball teams.)
Whether he actually raises taxes on the city's royals as he promised is yet to be known, but after following two decades of only two mayors, he'll likely bring a different feel to the city.
5. Good news, bad news for the tea party in Alabama
If there was any district that Dean Young could have won in 2013, it was Alabama's 1st district. The district is not only reliably Republican, but political handicappers have the southern Alabama district as one of the reddest in the country.
But Young -- a conservative Republican who asked other Republican candidates to take an anti-same-sex marriage pledge, believes President Barack Obama was born in Kenya, and said he wouldn't vote for his opponent in the general election should he win -- lost his primary runoff to the better funded, more-establishment Bradley Byrne, a former state senator.
In total, Byrne has raised almost three times as much as Young, with substantial donations from business community political action groups and individual business donors. Byrne's fundraising numbers may signal the coming of a more active Republican business community, like the Chamber of Commerce, who said they would be more involved in primary fights next year because of the negative impacts of the partial government shutdown earlier this year.
The bad news for the tea party is obvious and twofold. In a very red district, the tea party candidate lost in a race that is widely seen as a precursor to more intraparty fights ahead in primary elections for the 2014 mid-terms. What's more, a more involved business community, that is willing to back candidates that won't shutdown the government, is bad for the conservative movement.
But the news isn't all bad for the tea party.
Despite the fact he ran to the right of Byrne, groups that have backed tea party candidates largely ignored Young during the race. Tea Party Express, Club for Growth and FreedomWorks -- three of the largest national groups that have backed tea party candidates -- all sat on the sidelines of the family feud. So, if you aren't involved, is it really a loss?