How do I know when it’s time to paint?
- A good paint job should last 5-10 years.
- The most obvious sign that you’re home’s exterior needs a fresh coat of paint is peeling.
- Check the side of your house that gets the most weather exposure – this will be the side where the paint begins to show signs of wear first.
- Peeling paint allows water to seep into the wood and can cause the wood to rot.
Pick the right paint:
- Although exterior and interior painting shares many characteristics, the paints themselves are formulated differently. The binders and additives in outdoor paint are formulated to resist the elements well, while indoor paint most likely will not.
- The materials of the home’s facade should be considered. When painting flat surfaces like siding or wood, you can opt for standard outdoor paint. When painting a textured surface like stucco or brick, “elastomeric” paint is a much better choice. This type of paint can stretch more than normal paint, which allows it to bridge over small gaps and crevices, painting smoothly over texture.
- Climate is another factor to consider. Sunlight, wind, rain and salty weather can all wear out paint. Oil-based paint is durable against wind, rain and temperature changes, but sunlight tends to degrade it. Alkyd paint chalks and sheds very thin layers when it begins to wear. Latex paint is the more durable option for very sun-drenched and relatively dry climate areas. Latex paint with high vinyl content should be avoided, however. Acrylic resin is by far the more durable binder for outdoor latex paint.
- Areas that are subject to a lot of moisture, like the skirting around houses, may require mold-resistant paint, like outdoor paint with fungicide added. Another specialty paint to consider is a flame-resistant brand. Paint that resists fire rather than combusting could be a life saver for homeowners in wildfire-prone areas.
- Though buying high-quality, specialty paint and getting a professional to apply it can be expensive, the investment will pay off with a high-quality, long-lasting paint job. Low-quality paint often lasts half as long as high-quality paint and even shorter if it's not applied properly.
Picking a color:
- Take surrounding landscaping into consideration: If you have ornamental or colorful trees, shrubbery or floral selections around your home you should figure their colors into the color scheme selection that is made. Homes that have a great deal of trees can make the property darker and cast shadows onto the home. Avoid darker colors for these situations.
- Accentuate the home's attractive details: Entryways, windows, shutters and other details on the home can be painted to make their design noticeable. However features such as gutters, downspouts, external air conditioning systems, unevenly proportioned windows and protruding garage doors should not be completed to draw attention to them as this will provide a negative results.
- Consider colors of the home that cannot be changed: There are permanent features of the home that have their own colors which cannot be changed when painting the exterior of the home, but can have a dramatic satisfaction level that is experienced when the painting is completed. Roofing shingles, paving blocks, concrete surfaces, stones and other such features are prime examples of the colors that should be considered when selecting your exterior color scheme for the home.
- One of the most common mistakes amateur house painters make is failing to properly prepare the surface to be painted. If there is any peeling it’s essential to scrape off any loose paint. Then, the bare spot needs to be sanded until the paint edges are smooth. If you're not willing to put in this type of effort, hire someone. Otherwise you will invest time and money into a paint job that won't last.
- You also need to protect the surrounding area from paint splatter or other damage from the work. Cover air conditioning units, landscaping and other surfaces close to the work area with drop cloths, old sheets or blankets. Windows and doors should be taped off, while accessories such as light fixtures, doorbells, shutters, mailboxes and other detailed features might be simply removed and put back on after the job is done.
- If you have a one-story house with minimal peeling and you have plenty of time, you can probably do the job yourself and save money. If the house is taller and/or needs significant preparation it may be wiser to hire someone to do it for you.
Angie’s List Tips: Hiring a painting contractor
- Seek three estimates from professional house painters. You'll have a financial point of comparison and you may benefit from what a professional painter has to say about the condition of your home, color choices and types of paint available.
- Can the painting contractor make recommendations on what materials will work best for your project? A professional keeps up-to-date on the latest products/techniques/trends – makes color suggestions.
- How much do they charge? Be sure not to hire on price alone.
- Don’t be afraid to ask the painter for references or for testimonials from previous clients. These references should give the prospective client a picture of how the work was done, the quality of the painting provided and timeliness for completing the contracted task. Go to the actual site and see the results for yourself.
- Even though most homes have been repainted over the years, individuals may still find lead based paint if their home was constructed prior to 1978. The cracking, chalking, peeling and chipping paint can create a dust that is easily inhaled or ingested. As of April 22, 2010, the Environmental Protection Agency requires all remodelers, painters and contractors who work on homes built prior to 1978 and disturb more than six square feet of lead-based paint to be certified by an EPA-approved training provider.
Tips for hiring a professional exterior painter:
- Ask how long the contractor has been in business.
- Are employees experienced painters? Ask what training and qualifications they have.
- Does the contractor have insurance? Painters typically work with ladders – insurance will help protect the company and you.
- Ask about costs. Prices usually vary depending on the quality of paint use, the size of the area that needs to be covered, the difficulty of reaching areas that need to be painted, etc. If you can’t afford to paint your entire house at this time, focus on the trim, downspouts, gutters, doors, or entryway.
- Ask what type of prep work the painting contractor has to do (sand, power wash, etc.)